Aurea Gemma <Gallica> 1.19-26 
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[1.19] Si episcopus episcopo scribat, nomen suum postponat causa humilitatis, sic et omnes persone pares, scilicet rex regi, dux duci, comes comiti, palatinus palatino, abbas abbati et sic de ceteris.

scilicet--ceteris om. B

[1.20] Archiepiscopus archiepiscopo, hoc modo: .A.1 Dei gratia Treverensium archiepiscopo .S.2 eadem gratia humilis Remensium minister vel pontifex licet indignus in pastorali regimine pastori summo placere vel sic gerere curam gregis Dominici, ut a summo possit pastore laudari.

Treverensium] Turonensium B      pastore possit tr. B

[1.21] Item abbatissa abbatisse: .S. Dei misericordia Niviallensis3 ecclesie venerabili abbatisse cum virginibus ibidem Deo militantibus .P.4 humilis ministra Iotensis cenobii, in virginitatis ac sanctitatis proposito placere virginum sponso vel in virtute sanctimonie feliciter perseverare vel cum virginibus prudentibus habere oleum in lampadibus vel expectare sponsum cum lampadibus.5

misericordia] gratia B      Niviallensis] Nivellensis B      ministra B: et add. A      feliciter] vivere vel add. B      oleum habere tr. B      vel expectare--lampadibus om. B per homoioteleuton

[1.22] Item rex regi: .H.6 Dei gratia Anglorum regi clarissimo .L.7 eadem gratia Francorum rex salutem ab eo, qui dat salutem regibus vel sic regere regni presentis gubernacula, ut in futuro mereatur recipi in eterna tabernacula vel sic amministrare temporalia, ut non amittat eterna.

.H.] .A. B      rex Francorum tr. B      regere] gerere B      presentis om. B      amministrare] ministrare B

[1.23] Item <dux duci>: .F.8 Dei gratia inclito duci Germanie .G.9 dux|[64r] Normannie omnium bellorum felices exitus habere vel inflexibili mente tenorem iustitie conservare vel sic inpresenti exercere iustitiam, ut duplicem mereatur consequi gloriam.

.G. B: .V. A      consequi] habere B

[1.24] Hoc quoque sciendum et est observandum, ut in salutatione singulis prenotentur singula nomina litteris, exceptis illis, que habent consonantes ante vocalem, ut Stephanus10 et similia; illa enim duabus consonantibus debent prenotari. Omnia etiam nomina, que post salutationem subiunguntur, integra scribantur omni brevitate exclusa.

Hoc B: oc A (rubricator om. `H')      est tr. B post observandum      etiam om. B

[1.25] Si duo|[9r] amici sibi invicem scribant, talis erit salutatio: .D. karissimo et precordiali amico suo .H. quicquic sibi alteri vel fedus amicitie inviolatum custodire vel Euriali et Nisi11 fidem in amicitia imitari vel vim vere amicitie intelligere vel indissolubili nexu amicitie devinciri vel fidem Thesei et Perithoi12 insolubili nodo in amicitia emulari.

sibi om. B      karissimo] .D. intimo B      precordiali] precordialismo B      .H.] .B. B      Euriali et Nisi fidem] vere fidei constantiam B      insolubili] indissolubili B

[1.26] Si scribamus ad conventum sanctimonialium, talis erit salutatio: Virginibus Deo consecratis in Iotensi13 cenobio congregatis .H. Dei gratia Senonensis ecclesie archidiaconus veniente sponso accensas habere lampades cum oleo14 vel per vite et morum sanctimoniam agni sequi vestigia.15

scribamus B: scribimus A      sanctimonalium] sanctarum monalium B      Iotensi B: Ietensi A      H.] .G. B      Senonensis] Cenonensis B


1 Adalbero, archbishop of Trier (1131-1152).

2 Samson de Mauvoisin, archbishop of Rheims (1140-1161).

3 The abbey of Sainte-Gertrude at Nivelles (Brabant).

4 Praxedes, abbess of Jouarre, who also appears above, Aurea Gemma <Gallica> 1.9 and below 1.26.

5 cf. Matt. 25.1-13.

6 Henry II, king of England (1154-1189).

7 Louis VII, king of France (1137-1180).

8 Frederick Barbarossa, duke of Suabia (1147-1152), or after Barbarossas's elevation to the German throne, Frederick IV. von Rothenburg was duke of Suabia (1152-1167).

9 Geoffrey Plantagenet, duke of Normandy (1144-1151). Although his son Henry II, future king of England, was not invested with the duchy until Dec. 1149 at the earliest, John of Salisbury Historia pontificalis c. 19 (CHIBNALL ed. 47) titles Henry the duke of Normandy already in 1148. CHIBNALL notes: "It is possible, however, that contemporaries were uncertain of the date of cession, and that Henry became duke of Normany in common parlance before he acquired the title by law; for Arnulf of Lisieux, writing to the bishop of Lincoln in the summer of 1149, speaks of Henry as duke of Normandy (Letters ed. BARLOW no. 4, p. 7)." -- The reading 'G.' of Brugge 528 undoubtedly was also found in the French model of Admont 759, whose scribe then wrote a 'V.' (modern 'W.') because he assumed the 'G.' initial stood for William (Fr. Guillaume) the Conqueror, duke of Normandy (1035-1087). --- Though he may have also have been titled duke of Normandy, Henry II's first-born son William died in 1156 at the tender age of three. Both the styling of the ducal title and the suggested salutations would rule out this child.

10 The cathedral at Meaux was dedicated to S. Stephan, as was the archiepiscopal see at Sens. But among names used in twelfth-century Champagne and beginning with two separately voiced consonants, Stephan was by far the most common. cf. CH. LALORE Les principaux cartulaires du diocese de Troyes I-VII (Paris 1875-1890) ad indices (e.g.: Blanche, Clemens, Clarembaudus, Drogo, Fromundus, Gregorius).

11 Virgil Aeneidos 5.294-6 (or here).

12 Ovid Met. 8.303.

13 Jouarre, a royal nunnery near Meaux. See above, Aurea Gemma <Gallica> 1.9, 1.21, 1.26, 3a.15.

14 cf. Matt. 25.1-13 and above, Aurea Gemma <Gallica> 1.21.

15 cf. I Peter 2.21.

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© Steven M. Wight, Los Angeles 1998
Scrineum © Universitą di Pavia 1999