Alberici Cassinensis Corpus 2.2 
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[2.2]

[2.2.1] Privilegia summorum sunt ecclesie cuiuslibet concessiones pontificum.1
Privilegia] Privilegium E       cuiuslibet] cuiuslibri T       concessiones] concessionis E
[2.2.2] Materia in privilegiis eiusmodi est, ut dicat pontifex se rogatu cuiuslibet digne persone vel alia ratione qualicunque ecclesie|[6r] illa seu illa pontificali concedere vel roborare auctoritate.
Materia] autem add. EP       eiusmodi est] est huiusmodi E       se pontifex tr. P       rogatu] vel prem. EP       cuiuslibet] et add. T       persone digne tr. E       qualicunque] quacunque P       ecclesie] illi add. EP       seu illa om. E       pontificali] sede add. T       concedere vel om. E
[2.2.3] Anathema|[79r] sit in fine epistole.
fine] calce EP
[2.2.4] Habent privilegia prologos sicut cetere epistole et monogramma in fine, huiusmodi: [bene valete] quod est 'bene valete.'
Habent--epistole om. T       sicut] et add. P       huiusmodi] hoc modo T       bene valete: BREVE P tr. T post novem (§2.1 supra) om. E
[2.2.5] Signum autem in exordio privilegii vel crismon vel crux dominica|[62ra] cum superscripta 'S' erit. 'S' superscriptum signum interpretabitur. Crismon autem huiusmodi conficitur specie, ut in hoc monogrammate Christi nomen appareat.
cum] in margine prem. T parvum bene valete       S. om. T       erit] supra add. E       interpretabitur signum tr. E       interpretabitur] interpretatur P       Crismon] signum prem. Eac       conficitur] conficit T effigiatur E       specie] speciem Rockinger       ut--specie (infra 2.2.6) om. P       in] planius prem. E
[2.2.6] Tali mea sententia effigiabitur specie: [Chrismon].
mea] materia ET         Chrismon tr. E in margine post antistis (infra 2.2.7)
[2.2.7] Consueverunt preterea in extrema margine privilegii quosdam insignire orbiculos, antistitis nomen et paucula divina verba continentes, hoc modo [rota]: papa Gregorius,2 dextera Domini plena est terra.3
Consueverunt] Consuerunt P       extrema] extremo P       paucula] quelibet add. Rockinger       rota in margine T om. E habet P tantum unum circulum sine cruce       papa Gregorius om. P       dextera] misericordia P
[2.2.8] Gregorius episcopus, servorum Dei servus venerabili ac religioso cenobii Cassinensis abbati Desiderio4 cuncteque sibi subdite fratrum congregationi salutem|[6v] in Domino perpetuam.5
Dei] servus repit. T       ac] et E       Cassinensis] Cassiniensis T Casinensis P       Desiderio] N. T Santifaller       cuncteque] cuncte E       fratrum om. E       perpetuam] vel in perpetuum perpetui E
[2.2.9] Decet omnes, quos ad pontificalis regiminis curam divina gratia voluit sublimare, a sanctis iustisque petitionibus aurem sue clementie non avertere votisque piis et divina inspiratione conceptis desideriis libenter annuere.6
potificalis] pontificis E       sublimare] promovere P       et om. E       inspiratione] de prem. EP
[2.2.10] Unde petitionem vestram equam attendentes et iustam, quicquid a precessoribus nostris sancte Dei ecclesie vestre concessum est, per huius firmamentum privilegii nostra roboramus auctoritate.
attendentes] adtendentes EP       iustam] istam E       nostris] vestris E       Dei om. P       vestre ecclesie tr. P       nostra] vestra T       roboramus] corroboramus E
[2.2.11] Concedimus preterea, ut vobis liceat ad quemcunque episcopum conplacuerit vestre congregationis fratres seu ad clericatum|[79v] seu ad sacerdotium seu ad quoscunque gradus alios promovendos dirigere.
vobis tr. EP ante episcopum       quoscunque] quemcumque E       complacuerit] copulaverint E       clericatum] vel diaconatum add. E diaconatum add. P       seu ad sacerdotium] sive sacerdotium E       promovendos] promovendo E
[2.2.12] Quicunque hoc decretum sancte sedis apostolice infringere seu commutare conatus fuerit, nisi digne satisfactione penitentie resipuerit, anathema sit.
Quicunque] autem add. P       hoc] huius E       decretum tr. P post apostolice       infringere] confringere E       commutare] immutare P       nisi--resipuerit om. T       satisfactionem P       sit] BREVE add. P et rotam incompletam cum sententia: Dextera Domini exaltavit me
[2.2.13] Materia quidem privilegiorum et ordo huiusmodi sunt.|[7r] Poterit autem unusquisque sua verba prout animo insederi<n>t elongare et quas voluerit exornationes verborum exhibere.
sunt] est EP       autem om. E       unusquisque] quisque EP       verba sua tr. EP       insiderint] insederit EP       exhibere verborum tr. P

1 Alberic of Montecassino's doctrine on the composition of papal and imperial charters of privilege follows his Breviarium (ca. 1077-85) in five manuscripts.

2 Gregory VII, pope (1073-1085).

3Cf. Psal. 32.5, which was the devise of Leo IX, pope (1048-1054). The devise of pope Gregory VII was 'Miserationes tuae domine super omnia opera tua' (cf. Psal. 144.9).

4 Desiderius, abbot of Montecassino (1058-1085).

5 HARRY BRESSLAU Handbuch der Urkundenlehre für Deutschland und Italian (1932) 2.249 judged that the two model charters found here and below (2.3.12-19) "have not been remade into formularies from originals of the monastery's archives, as one might think , but were completely invented by Alberic, indeed with a certain general knowledge of the forms of papal and royal privileges, but still with many violations against the special chancery norms of the rulers, to which they are ascribed." At note 1 BRESSLAU continues: "A comparison of the composition of the two charters shows that they came from one and the same author, thus not from the chanceries of Gregory VII and Henry IV. In the privilege of Gregory VII, which LöWENFELD (JL 5305) rightfully marked as not genuine, the rota violates chancery norms, with its devise 'Dextera Domini plena est terra'--a variant of the devise of pope Leo IX. The diploma of Henry IV, with whose dating STUMPF (St. 2991a) and FICKER fruitlessly occupied themselves, has a false title, a corroboration impossible for that time and a completely jumbled recognovi-line; Henry [bishop of Augsburg] is named chancellor in the preceding text, who only served under Henry III, and Gregory of Vercelli, chancellor from 1063-1077, functions as archchancellor."

6 This preamble (Decet...annuere) is repeated almost exactly in the Rationes dictandi (ROCKINGER ed.) XXX and in De doctrina privilegiorum 6.2, where it is used in an example of an archbishop's decretum.


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© Steven M. Wight, Los Angeles 1998
Scrineum © Università di Pavia 1999