Aurea Gemma <Gallica> 3b.74-77
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[3b.74] CONCERNING ALMS.1

[3b.75] IN THE NAME OF THE HOLY AND INDIVIDUAL TRINITY.

[3b.76] I, D., least of the auditors of the divine Word, son of the late P., in no way a diligent creator, wish it be made known to both present and future persons, that on the eve of St. Peter's2 at the burial of my father, for the love of God and the redemption of my soul and of my predecessors', I have manumitted R. of Milly,3 with all his fruits, with his sons and daughters, with their posterity and all their property, in perpetuity.

[3b.77] Mindful of the Lord's precept "Give and it will be given to you"4 and so that this freedom of manumission could not be retarded by any length of time, I have subscribed by my own hand with the customary sign of the Lord's cross. My brothers have also granted and confirmed this liberty, with L., A., B. and G. assisting.


1 Evidence can be adduced from charters of Henry II the Liberal, count palatine of Troyes, that his chancery treated the carta de elemosiniis as a distinct category. But among the charters of the diocese of Gurk, the word appears only in an 1169 privilege of pope Alexander III for the cathedral chapter (mortuorum autem parrochianorum elemosinas JL 11599, MDHC no. 1.256; confirmed by pope Lucius III in 1184 = JL 15101, MDHC no. 1.329).

2 30 June.

3A 'Robertus de Milliaco' or 'de Milly' appears at least seventeen charters of Henry I, the Liberal, count of Champagne, in the period 1161-1179, including four appearances in 1171-2 as one of the count's chamberlains. See JOHN F. BENTON Recueil des actes des comtes de Champagne 1152-1197 (Los Angeles 1987, unpublished typescript) and IDEM The Count of Champagne under Henry the Liberal and Countess Marie (Princeton PhD dissertation, 1959) 87-93 and 96-98 where he reveals the lowly status of the chamberlains Robert of Milly and Artaud de Nogent, calling the latter "an excellent example of a French ministerialis, a man of humble and quite possibly servile origin who achieved wealth and prestige through his service at court. As far as count Henry was concerned, Artaud was his personal serf and he could give him away if he so desired (BENTON 93)." Robert's eldest son entered the nobility and also served count Thibaut IV of Champagne as a chamberlain. See THEODORE EVERGATES Feudal Society in Medieval France: Documents from the County of Champagne (Philadelphia 1993) 79 no. 60. EVERGATES identifies his village of origin as Milly-sur-Therain (dep. Oise, ar. Beauvais); another possiblity is Milly-la-Foret, located between Etampes and Nemours. I have not seen H.G. ALLAIN Milly-en-Gatinais (Seine-et-Oise), histoire anecdotique de ses seigneurs... (Corbeil 1889) or O. DE POLI Inventaire des titres de la maison de Milly (Paris 1888).
WORSTBROCK, "Frühzeit" 141 note 48, reads this as placename as Melk, in northern Austria. But the Latin form for Melk is Mellicensis; more significantly, even that name does not ever appear in the Monumenta Ducatu Carinthiae! Therefore Robert's name cannot be taken as evidence that Part IIIb was added to the treatise at Gurk; on the contrary, this charter was composed in Champagne.

4 Marc. 11.25.

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© Steven M. Wight, Los Angeles 1998
Scrineum © Università di Pavia 1999