Aurea Gemma <Gallica> 3b.78-81
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[3b.79] Praiseworthy is the testimony of writing, which redeems the harm of oblivion. Indeed it represses emerging calumny of actions, speaking the text in its truth, it extinguishes conflicts which are emerging or which are yet to be born.

[3b.80] In view of this reason, I, H.,1 by the grace of God bishop of Gurk, have decided to commit to this present page that N., having recognized our right, has restored into our hand and to our church, quietly and forever, one part of a meadow, concerning which a calumny and controversy has long been ventilated.

[3b.81] This was publicly enacted in our chapter2 at Gurk, with religious men and venerable persons B. and C. assisting, <... under> the emperor3 <...>. The charter was given at Strassburg,4 April 11.5

1 Henry, bishop of Gurk (1167-1174). See JAKOB OBERSTEINER Die Bischofe von Gurk (1072-1822) (Klagenfurt 1969).

2 The cathedral chapter at Gurk was founded in the years 1123-4. See MHDC 1.49,54.

3 Among the authentic episcopal charters for Gurk in the period 1131-1200, there are 39 without imperial dating and only nine charters with imperial dating (five of which also have papal dating).

4 Episcopal residence in Carinthia, located 10 km. northeast of their see at Gurk, on the Gurk river. For the most recent studies on Straßburg, see CLAUDIA FRäSS-EHRFELD "Straßburg--Fürstenresidenz und Bischofstadt" and ALBRECHT WENDEL "Die Straßburg: Eine bauanalytische Betrachtung" in PETER G. TROPPER ed. Hemma von Gurk: Katalog der Austellung auf Schloss Strassburg/Kärnten, 14. Mai bis 26. Oktober 1988 (Klagenfurt 1988) 305-14 and 315-23. Straßburg was first mentioned in a document of 1147 (MHDC 1.149); four charters of bishop Roman I of Gurk were enacted in that castle in 1157-1163; Eberhard I archbishop of Salzburg once in 1161; Henry bishop of Gurk in issued two charters in 1169 and 1171 (= respectively MHDC nos. 1.199, 200, 215, 230, 233, 222, 255, 270).

5 April 11 was the Easter vigil in 1159 and 1164. See HANS MARTIN SCHALLER "Heilige Tagen als Termin fur Staatsakten" DA XX (19XX) XXX-XXX.

© Steven M. Wight, Los Angeles 1998
Scrineum © Università di Pavia 1999