Presumptionis est 
(Letter collection of Admont cod. 759
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[1] DE PACE CONFIRMATA INTER REGES.|[102r]1

[2] Laudabilis est scripture custodia. Emergentibus enim occurret calumpniis et rerum seriem incommutabili loquitur veritate.

occurret legi: occurrere A

[3] Presentibus ergo et posteris huius pagine testimonio notam fieri volumus compositionem, que inter nos L. Francorum et Ha. Anglorum reges celebrata est et firmata. Ventilatis inter nos diu contradictionibus in bellorum incongruente tempestate, res ipsa tandem in hunc modum sopita est in tranquillum:

L. Francorum legi: l. f. A             reges legi: rege A

[4a] Ego L. Henrico regi Anglorum fideli meo proprietatem relinquo Pictavie, quam mihi de iure nuptiali prius merito vendicabam, hoc mihi retento dominio, quod ipse mihi obnoxius debitam terre illius reddet, quam doceret mihi expedi erunt servitutes. Quicumque vero contra predictum arma sumpserunt, pacem cum eo habeant, captivus hinc mihi liberatus iure suo sibi de integro restituto, nisi quibus armis et incendio est consumptum.

meo legi: m~o A        habeant legi: hn~t A

[4b] Ego vero H. Luduwico regi Francorum domino meo relinquo proprietatem et dominium Brittannie2 et Alvernie,3 hoc excepto, quod princeps Aquitanie4 pater meus5 vivens quiete nos contra possedisse.

[5] Et ne huius compositionis stabilitas vacillet in posterum, ego .B. xce~|[102v] baronum manibus id firmavi, ego .H.6 Decumanii comitum id iuravi, presentem paginam sigillorum nostrorum impressionibus munientes. Actum est hoc anno incarnati Verbi .M.C.LX.VIII.7

huius ne tr. A              B. xce~ illeg. (cf. Aurea Gemma <Gallica> 3b.66)


1 Charter of a peace treaty between the kings of France and England. After a Schriftlichkeitsarenga ---the only one found in 'Presumptionis est' [2], the two kings jointly make notification of an accord ending their long, bellicose disgreements [3]. Louis VII relinquishes the property of Poitou to his vassal Henry II, which land Louis had previous claimed for himself by marital right and over which he continues to retain suzereignty. Louis requires his vassals who had fought against Henry II to observe this peace treaty (see also letters no. 30, 33, 35, 42, 54-55). He asks that those who were taken captive be released to him with their property restored, unless it had been destroyed by arms or by fire [4a]. Henry relinquishes to his lord Louis VII the property and lordship of Brittany and Auvergne, with the exception of those lands held while the prince of Aquitaine, his father, was still alive [4b]. --- The charter is witnessed by the baron B., by Hermengarde, viscountess of Narbonne, impressed by both royal seals and dated 1168 [5]. On the dating, see also below, note 7).

2 See B.-A. POCQUET DU HAUT-JUSSé "Les Plantagenets et la Bretagne" Annales de Bretagne 53 (1946) 1-27; A. LUCHAIRE "Huges de Clers et le De senescalcia Franciae" in Melanges d'histoire du moyen age publies sous la direction de...Luchaire Bibliotheque de la Faculte des Lettres de Paris, fasc. 3 (Paris 1897) 1.1-38; A. LUCHAIRE Histoire des institutions monarchiques de la France sous les premiers Capétiens (Paris 1891) 1.173-81; W.L. WARREN Henry II (Los Angeles 1972) 72-77, 100-101, 228-230.

3 On the claims of the duke of Aquitaine to parts of Auvergne: A. LUCHAIRE Histoire des institutions monarchiques de la France sous les premiers Capétiens (Paris 1891) 2.292; W.L. WARREN Henry II (Los Angeles 1972) 102-6, 143-6, 230; ELIZABETH M. HALLAM Capetian France 987-1328 (London 1980) 53.

4 William X, the Toulousain, duke of Aquitaine (1126-37). William was succeeded by his daughter Eleanor, queen of England (1137-1152) and of England (1152-1204). She shared rule over the duchy of Aquitaine with her two royal husbands, but renounced the title for her son Richard's sake in 1169. -- Matters relating to the duchy of Aquitaine also figure in letters no. 8 and 11.

5 Geoffrey Plantagenet, count of Anjou (1129-1151) and duke of Normany (1144-1151) was the father of Henry II. It is not clear whether Geoffrey is meant here, or Henry II's father-in-law, William X, duke of Aquitaine (see above note) or a mixture of both!.

6 Ermengarde, vicountess of Narbonne (1143-1192).  For a recent article on her, see JACQUELINE CAILLE "Ermengarde, vicomtesse de Narbonne (1127/29-1196/97). Une grande figure féminine du midi aristocratique" in La femme dans l'histoire et la société méridionales (IXe-XIXe siècles).  Actes du 66e congrès de la Fédération Historique du Languedoc Méditerranéen et du Roussillon, Narbonne, 15-16 octobre 1994 (Montpellier, 1995) 9-50.  The troubadour Peire Rogier, previously canon of Clermont, spent a long period at Ermengard's court. See JOSEPH SALVAT and GENEVIEVE BRUNEL-LOBRICHON art. "Peire Rogier" in Dictionnaire des lettres francaises. Le Moyen Age edd. GENEVIEVE HASENOHR and MICHEL ZINK (Turin 1992) 1118-1119.

7 The real historical situation forming the substance of fictive charter would pertain much better to the years 1158-9 than to 1168 (see note 1 above). Henry II and Louis VII signed an actual peace treaty in 1159, after the former's abortive campaign of that year against Toulouse: BOUQUET ed. Recueil des historiens des Gaules et de la France 16.21-23. In terms of paleography, 1168 differs only slightly from 1159 (.MCLXVIII. as opposed to .MCLVIII. / .MCLVIIII., or less likely  .MCLIX.) and medieval scribes often made slips in rendering Roman numerals. The date 1168 given here could easily be a scribal slip. If so, this letter collection was composed contemporaneously or even before the Aurea Gemma <Gallica>. See Admont cod. 759.

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© Steven M. Wight, Los Angeles 1998
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