De doctrina privilegiorum 6 
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[6.] EXEMPLUM.

[6.1] STEPHANUS1 DEI GRATIA SANCTE REMENSIS ECCLESIE MINISTER LICET INDIGNUS, IOHANNI2 ABBATI MONASTERIII SANCTI MODESTI3 EIUSQUE FRATRIBUS IN PERPETUUM.

EXEMPLUM om. Br Ba      Stephanus--perpetuum] H. Dei gratia Coloniensis archiepiscopus Sanctensi capitulo salutem cum benedictione perpetua Br      Modesti] Molesti Ba

[6.2] Decet quidem universos, quos ad pontificalis officii curam divina gratia voluit promovere, sanctis iustisque petitionibus clementer annuere et a votis divina aspiratione conceptis pietatis animum non revocare.4

votis] notis Br      aspiratione] inspiratione Pac

[6.3] Ideoque, karissimi, vestris paterne precibus annuentes, sub auctoritate Dei omnipotentis et beati Petri apostolorum principis et domini pape Eugenii nostrorumque fratrum et nostra, sanximus et stabilimus et presentis pagine munimine roboramus videlicet ecclesiam sancti Laurentii5 cum pertinentiis suis, quam scilicet ab abbate sancti Rufini6 nuper emphitiotico7 iure adquisistis, ut deinceps in posterum liceat vobis vestrisque successoribus eam habere ac possidere, quieto iure quietoque dominio, vobis videlicet vestrisque successoribus in perpetuum idoneis usibus profuturam.

sanximus et] sanximus ac Br      ecclesiam] curiam Br et tr. post Laurentii      emphitiotico] ephonotico Br      iure om. Br      videlicet om. Br

[6.4] Si quis autem pertinax et indevotus hanc nostre confirmationis paginam scienter infringere, violare vel ei contraire presumpserit, ex parte Dei omnipotentis et beate Marie semper virginis et beati Petri apostolorum principis et domini Eugenii pape nostrorumque fratrum et nostra, sit anathema Maranatha et cum Iuda et Nerone perennem habeat portionem.

scienter] sciens Br      ei] ea Ba Spence      ei contraire] contradicere Br      semper om. Br      semper Marie tr. Ba Spence      et cum Iuda et] ut cum Iuda Br

[6.5] Qui autem eius observator obstiterit, divine benedictionis presidio potiatur ac beatitudinis eterne merita inter iustorum collegia consequatur. Amen. Amen. Amen.

eius] huius Br      obstiterit] extiterit Br      potiatur] ponatur Br      Amen--Amen] Amen Br

[6.6] Ego Stephanus archiepiscopus hoc decretum manu mea firmavi et SS.

firmavi] formavi Ba Spence      et SS om. Br


1 No prelate 'Stephanus' ever ruled the see of Reims, founded ca. 290 by S. Sixtus; indeed no contemporary French archibishops and only few bishops carried that name: bishops Stephan of Paris (1124-1142), Clermont (1151-1169), Meaux (1162-1172) and of Autun (1112-1138/9). Likely at fault is a mistaken expansion of an initial 'S.', which perhaps stood in the archtype for Samson of Mauvoisin, archbishop of Reims (1140-1161).

2 Not identified. See the list of abbots in FRANCO BARTOLINI ed. Le piu antiche carte dell'abbazia di San Modesto in Benevento Regesta chartartum Italiae 33 (Rome 1950) xx, which shows no documents for the abbots of S. Modesto between abbots Germanus (1144-1145) and Berardus (1169-1188).

3 Benedictine abbey of S. Modestus in Benevento. SPENCE identified this foundation as Molesme (dep. Côte-d'Or, arr. Montbard, cant. Laignes), but the monastery established there ca. 1075 by Robert (also a founder of Citeaux) was dedicated to the virgin Mary, not S. Modestus. There is Passio S. Modesti by Alberic of Montecassino, whose Corpus 2.2-3 was the primary source for De doctrina privilegiorum. -- For two other Italian recipients of charters, see above, De doctrina privilegiorum 3.1 (another Alberic!) and 4.1.

4 See Alberic of Montecassino's charter doctrine in Alberici Cassinensis Corpus 2.2.9, where this preamble is first found in the model papal privilege of Gregory VII granted to Desiderius, abbot of Montecassino. It is repeated almost exactly in the Rationes dictandi (ROCKINGER ed.) XXX.

5 Not identified.

6 Not identified. SPENCE's identification (Ars-sur-Moselle) is based on the unfounded assumption that this charter was granted to Molesme.

7 As an institution of the Roman law of real property, emphyteusis was not received north of the Alps until after the medieval period, as opposed to Italy, where it was common since late antiquity. See ROBERT FEENSTRA "L'emphytéose et le probleme des droits réels" in La formazione storica del diritto moderno in Europa (Florence 1977) 1295-1320 and A. JORIS "Wibald et le droit romain" in Economies et sociétés au Moyen Age. Mélanges E. Perroy (Paris 1973) 601-607. For civil law in the Roman curia, see R. SOMERVILLE "Pope Innocent II and the study of Roman Law" Revue des Etudes Islamiques 44 (1976) 105-44 and JOHANNES FRIED "Die römische Kurie und die Anfänge der Prozessliteratur ZRG KA 59 (1973) 151-174.

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© Steven M. Wight, Los Angeles 1998

Scrineum © Università di Pavia 1999