Boncompagnus 3.3 
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Incipits -- Siglorum conspectus

|3.3 DE PETITIONIBUS CONFIRMATIONUM

3.3.1 De imperatore electo, qui rogat, ut sua electio confirmetur.

[1] "Postquam celebris memorie imperator debitum exsolvit, universi principes Alamannie convenerunt, ut de ordinando imperio pertractarent. Habita namque sollempni deliberatione, illi, ad quos spectabat electio, nos Maguntie elegerunt, et alie, ad quos coronatio ex antiqua et approbata consuetudine pertinebat, nos in votiva et in desiderata pace apud Asiam coronarunt. Nunc autem celsitudinem sedis apostolice attentius exoramus, ut quod a principibus est communiter et concorditer inchoatum, litteris apostolicis dignemini roborare, nobis terminum congruum prefigentes, quo ad urbem properemus, ubi a vobis imperialem coronam recipere affectamus."

3.3.2 De rege, qui rogat, ut sua electio confirmetur.

[1] "Mors temporalis, que mortalibus finem imponit, fratrem quondam nostrum illustrem regem .R.,1 .X. Kal. Aprilis2 ab hac luce subtraxit sicque de terreno regno ad celeste vocante Domino convolavit, post cuius obitum nos3 universi regni principes in regem concorditer eligerunt, et in proximo Pentecostem4 regalem assumemus auctore Domino coronam. Verum quia coronatio nostra celebrem| solempnitatem requirit, altitudinem sedis apostolice attentius rogitamus, ut nostram electionem litteris apostolicis roboretis et episcopum Sabinensem5 in Angliam dirigatis, qui nostre coronationi debeat interesse. Nos autem in presagium pure devotionis et constantie illibate .XX. libras auri et mille marcas argenti scientati vestre per Wicorensem episcopum destinamus." 1 Richard the Lion-hearted, king of England (1189-6.4.1199).       2 March 23, 1199.       3 John, king of England (1199-1216).      4 27 May 1199.       5 Conrad of Wittelsbach, cardinal bishop of Sabina (1166-1200).

3.3.3 Ierosolimitani suffraganei significant, quomodo fuit patriarchalis electio celebrata, et confirmationem electionis petunt.

[1] "Post decessum felicis memorie .M. sancte resurrectionis ecclesie patrariche suffraganei universi et omnes de capitulo convenerunt, ut de substituendo pastore tractarent. Cum autem in sollempni deliberationes| plures essent a pluribus nominati nec possent de aliquo esse concordes, de universorum voluntate processit, quod Behelemitanus et Sabastiensis episcopi electorem vocare deberent. Ipsi vero, sicut viri providi et discreti, elegere Tironensem episcopum electorem. Ille autem cum lacrimis misericordiam Ihesu Christi exorans ab oratione surrexit1 et instinctu sancti spiritus Cesariensem archiepiscopum in patriarcham elegit. Unde in Templo Domini resonuit vox cum iubilo, quoniam omnium et singulorum vota in illum tacite convenerant. Quare ab omnibus rogabuntur, ut eorum votis clementer annuere dignaretur. Ipse vero universorum desideriis contradicit, asserens quod absque mandato vestro nullum electioni nostre prebebit assensum. Ideoque vestre clementie humiliter supplicamus, quatinus ei firmiter precipere dignemini, quod electioni facte consentiat et vos tamquam pater benignissimus electionem| ipsam velitis apostolicis litteris confirmare, procul dubio scientes, quod si nostre petitiones desiderato privarentur effectu, Tironense regnum in hac parte non modicum gravaretur." 1 Cf. Luc. 22.45: Cum surrexisset ab oratione.

3.3.4 Cantuariense capitulum confirmationem archiepiscopalis electionis et palium postulat consuetum.

[1] "Presens epistola nostri memoris et gaudii esse dignoscitur nunciatrix, quoniam per eam decessum felicis memorie Cantuarensis episcopi et magistri .B.1 promotionem significare tenemur, in quo consolationem salubrem possumus recipere post dolorem, laudibus cuius insistere possumus et debemus, presertim cum in eo conveniant animi sapientia, morum honestas, liberalitas in usibus cotidianis, et conversatio per omnia fructuosa. Sic enim in eum confluere universe nature dotes, quod sui exterioris hominis actus placent et per interioris exemplum imitantur plurimi ad operam karitatis. Eapropter benignitatem vestram confidentius exorare audemus,| quatinus electionem tam concorditer celebratam litteris dignemini apostolicis confirmare, ipsi electo pallium iuxta consuetudinem destinantes." 1 In the notes to the following letter (3.3.5), the election of Stephan Langton (1205) is assumed as historical basis. Here (3.3.4) the initial B. proposes the election of Thomas Becket (1161) as historical subject, (probably not Baldwin, translated from Worcester in 1184). Thus this fictive correspondence on the election of an archbishop of Canterbury, which also includes 3.18.2 and 3.20.4, combines real aspects of several recent elections. The most recent biography of is FRANK BARLOW Thomas Becket (London 1986). See also B. SMALLEY The Becket Conflict and the Schools. A Study of Intellectuals in Politics (Oxford 1973). On Beckett's election, see Letters of John of Salisbury edd. W.J. MILLOR and C.N.L. BROOKE 2.lxv-lxix, 2.156-7 2.530, 760-7 (Oxford 1979), Gilbert Foliot and his Letters edd. A. MOREY and C.N.L. BROOKE 149-51, 227-9 (Cambridge 1965) The Letters and Charters of Gilbert Foliot edd. A. MOREY and C.N.L. BROOKE 291-3 (Cambridge 1967), For bibliography on 1161 and 1205/6 elections, and on Langton and Beckett: JEDIN HCH 4.67-73, 150-151, 655-4, 670-671, add M. MAYR-HARTING JEH 16 (1965) 50-52 Councils and Synods with other Documents Relating to the English Church, II. 1204-?? edd. F.M. POWICKE and C.R. CHENEY (Oxford 1964) Councils and Synods with other Documents Relating to the English Church, I. 871-1204 edd. D. WHITELOCK, M. BRETT, C.N.L. BROOKE. DAVID KNOWLES has three books on Becket and "The Canterbury Election of 1205/6" EHR 53 (1938) 211-230. Also: F.M. POWICKE Stephan Langton (Oxford 1935), Acta Stephani Langton ed. K. MAJOR Canterbury and York Society 118 (Oxford 1950), Z.N. BROOKE The English Church and the Papacy (Cambridge 1931) and PHYLLIS B. ROBERTS ed. Selected sermons of Stephen Langton (Toronto 1980); RICCARDO QUINTO "Doctor Nominatissimus" : Stefano Langton (+1228) e la Tradizione delle sue Opere (Munster: Aschenforff, 1994) Beiträge zur Geschichte der Philosophie und Theologie des Mittelalters, Neue Folge Bd.39. The key work on the 1205/6 election is C.R.CHENEY Innocent III and England Päpste und Papsttum 9 (Stuttgart 1976), IDEM "A Neglected Record of the Canterbury Election of 1205-6" Bulletin of the Institute of Historical Research 21 (1948) 233-8. The following letters of Innocent III concern this election: POTTHAST 2620 (PL 202.740), 2732-5 (PL 202.834-840), 2937-40 (PL 202.1043-1049), 3111 (PL 202.1327, CHENEY Selected Letters 86-90 no. 29), 3126 (WILKINS Councils 1.518).

3.3.5 De litteris electi cum muneribus pape directis.

[1] "Cantuarensis1 ecclesie suffraganei et capitulum me2 nuper in archiepiscopalis officii solicitudinem elegerunt, sic vestra sanctitas non ignorat. Verum quia propter imminentia negotia, qua vobis alio tempore latius intimabo, iuxta meum votum Romam venire non possum. Ideo ad vestre sanctitatis pedes transmitto episcopum Noricensem,3 qui vestre celsitudini mee curabit offerre munera parvitatis, in quibus dignabimini respicere solum dirigentis affectum."

1 Hubert Walter, archbishop of Canterbury died 13 July 1205. Canterbury's monastic chapter elected their subprior Reginald, but the suffragen bishops claimed a prescriptive right to take part in the election. Their candidate, Iohannes Grey, bishop of Norwich, was invested by king John, but pope Innocent III annulled both elections December 1206, who had some Canterbury monks visiting Rome elect Stephan Langton. Langton, who may have instructed the future pope while a master of theology at Paris (or a fellow student), had recently been raised to cardinal priest of S. Crisogono. Innocent III consecrated Langton 17 June 1207 and invested him with the archepiscopal pallium, despite royal opposition, which later resulted in interdict and excommunication for England and its king. Boncompagno's letter presents a playful satire addressed to these facts.   2 Stephan Langton (1207-1228).  3 Iohannes Grey, bishop of Norwich (1200-1214).


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© Steven M. Wight, Los Angeles 1998
Scrineum © Università di Pavia 1999