'Evanescunt simul' 2
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[2.] CHARTER CONCERNING MORTGAGE OF LAND1

[2.1] We avoid troubles many and great, when we preserve the business of our age by service of a notary.

[2.2] Thus let it be known to present and future, that I, P. from such and such place, have mortgaged to G. from such and such place my land, which I have in such and such place, for one hundred solidi of Poitvin coinage making such a contract with him, that if the coinage, in which these hundred solidi should be paid, shall have devalued before I shall have redeemed the aforesaid land, or before my heirs, if I shall have died first, shall have redeemed, then the money should be paid at the value which it now has.

[2.3] Poitvin pennies should be exchanged for Anjou pennies at this rate: three Anjou pence should be given for two Poitvin pennies.2

[2.4] So that they shall act so that this mortgage be upheld and shall not permit it to be disturbed by any calumny, my brothers B., C. and D. have bound themselves with an oath of faith.

[2.5] Moreover, a certain knight by the name G., to whose fief the land adheres, has added his consent and strengthened the present charter with the bulwark of his seal.

[2.6] Enacted etc.


1 Mortgage of 100 solidi on a piece of land (ed. MEISENZAHL 80+-81+, Agen no. 50).

2 No exchange rate between the money of Anjou and Poitou is given in PETER SPUFFORD Handbook of medieval exchanges (London 1986), who does not employ the evidence of Wertbeständigkeit clauses from charters. As opposed to the 2:3 rate given in this model charter, one may interpolate an exchange rate 2 s. Angevin = 2 s. 3 d. Poitvin (or 2:2.3) using as intermediaries the thirteenth century rates SPUFFORD gives for Angevin-Parisian (p. 194), Parisian-Tournais (p. 167), and Tournais-Poitvin (p. 182) coinages.

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© Steven M. Wight, Los Angeles 1998

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