Oliva 6-7.7 
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[6.] QVALITER COMPONANTVR PRIVILEGIA ET QVE EXORDIA PRIMO PONANTVR

[6.1] Priuilegia siquidem taliter fieri debent. Primo ponas priuilegii titulum hoc modo: "Innocentius episcopus,57 seruus seruorum Dei, dilecto in Christo filio .P.58 Romanorum imperatori et semper augusto eiusque successoribus legitime substituendis in perpetuum"; et sic dicit uniuersis regibus, mutatis his, que mutanda sunt conuenienter.
rubr. om. MPT absit C LIBER PRIVILEGIORVM B           riuilegia M (rubricator om. p)            Priuilegia siquidem taliter incipit B           debent fieri tr. B (Innocentius episcopus repit. Bac)            Primo ponas priuilegii: Preponas priuilegio B           .P.: .F. B           suscessoribus Vac           in perpetuum: imperpetuum PV imperatoribus add. B           et om. B           conuenienter mutanda sunt tr. C et add. In perpetuum...concedunt (ex infra 7.6)            mutanda sunt: mutari debent B
[6.2] Et nota, quod reges quidam in titulis priuilegiorum et epistolarum quedam ponere consueuerunt,|[71rb] que papa non ponit. Nam rex Anglie in suis priuilegiis et epistolis talem titulum ponit: ".R.59 Dei gratia rex Anglie, dux Normandie et comes Pictauensis et Andegauensis." Papa uero non connumerat omnes dignitates illas, set dicit ita: "dilecto in Christo filio .R. Anglorum regi," siue "Anglie regi."
Et nota--Sicilie regem om. B           .R.: .P. C           conumerat M cumnumerat C           illias M           .R.: .P. C           Anglorum: Angeliorum M Anguorum V           Anglie: Angiue V
[6.3] Rex autem Vngarie appellat se in titulis suis: "Pannonie, Dalmatie, Croatie atque Strammeche regem,"60 set papa dicit ".H.61 Vngarorum regi" uel "Vngarie regi".62
regi MV: licet rex numquam nominet Vngariam in suis titulis add. CPT
[6.4] Rex uero Sicilie appellabat se regem primo et alias postea dignitates connumerabat, de quibus papa mentionem non faciebat, set simpliciter|[19rb] nominabat eum Sicilie regem.
nominabat: uocabat C
[6.5] Duces uero et quoslibet principes ponit in priuilegiorum titulis hoc modo: "Innocentius episcopus etc., dilecto filio duci Austrie63 eiusque successoribus in perpetuum." Hunc modum tenet in ducibus, marchionibus, comitibus omnibusque magnis uiris a regibus inferius.
uces M (rubricator om. d) B habet ibi signum paragraphi           quoslibet: quilibet V cellibe PT           ponit: ponunt CM           Austrie: Ausire M           comitibus marchionibus tr. M (Mpc add. comitibus in margine)            a: ac C

[7.] QVALITER PATRIARCHAS

[7.1] Patriarchas autem archiepiscopos et episcopos hoc modo: "Innocentius episcopus etc., uenerabili fratri .M.64 sancte Resurrectionis ecclesie patriarche eiusque successoribus canonice substituendis in perpetuum."
rubr. om. CPTB absit M          habet B ibi signum paragraphi           atriarchas M (rubric.om. p)            autem om. B           .M.: .N. B           sancte resurrectionis ecclesie: Ierosolimitano CPTB           in perpetuum: imperpetuum PVB
[7.2] Pro aliqua conuentuali ecclesia hoc modo titulum ponat: "Innocentius etc., dilectis filiis .R.65 Clarauallensi abbati eiusque fratribus tam presentibus quam futuris monasticham uitam professis" uel "canonice substituendis in perpetuum." Hunc modum tenet in omnibus ecclesiis collegiatis, mutatis propriis nominibus locorum et personarum secundum quod mutari debent.
Pro: et praem. M          habet B ibi signum paragraphi           titulum ponat om. B           Innocentius: episcopus add. C           .R. om. C           Claraualensi CM           monasticham: canonicam CPT           tenet: tenent P           collegiatis om. B           propriis--quod: hiis B
[7.3] Pro cenobiis monialium hoc modo: "Innocentius episcopus etc., dilectis in Christo filiabus .M. abbatisse sancti Barbatiani66 eiusque sororibus tam presentibus quam futuris canonice substituendis in perpetuum."
Pro--perpetuum om. B            eiusque: successoribus add. C
[7.4] Pro templariis et hospitalariis hoc modo titulum in priuilegiis67 ponit: "Innocentius episcopus etc., dilectis filiis .W.68 magistro templi eiusque fratribus tam presentibus quam futuris regulariter substituendis in perpetuum." Eodem modo dicit magistro Ierosolimitani hospitalis,69 set omnes alios hospitalarios appellat "rectores" uel "hospitalarios", retenta tituli forma.
ospitaleriis M hospitallariis C            .W.: .H. C            hospitalerios M hospitallarios C            rectores uel hospitalarios om. C            hospitalerios M
[7.5] Pro aliquo capellano sic: "Innocentius etc. dilecto filio .R.70 cappellano sancti Petri de Letore71 eiusque successoribus canonice substituendis in perpetuum."
capelano M capellario C            Innocentius: episcopus add. CM            capelano M            Letore: Lectore C Lecore PTV            in perpetuum: imperpetuum PT
[7.6] "In|[19va] perpetuum" ideo dicit, quia eius concessio est spiritualis. Nam omne spirituale perpetuum est, unde patriarche et archiepiscopi et episcopi eodem modo dicunt "in perpetuum", quia spiritualia principaliter concedunt.72 Preterea quos appellet "uenerabiles fratres" et quos "dilectos filios", in prima Tabula salutationum plenissime continetur.73
In inperpetuum P Im perpetuum T            In perpetuum--concedunt tr. C supra (post 6.1)            omne: omnis V            et add. Vpc            et...et om. B            in perpetuum dicunt tr. B
[7.7] Infimas autem personas priuilegiare nullomodo consueuit. Et est notandum, quod in cuiuslibet priuilegii titulo non intelliguntur uerba missiua neque desideratiua,74 set tantum concessiua seu permissiua; ut concedit, permittit siue indulget.75
est notandum: nota B            quod add. Mpc            cuiuslibet priuilegii titulo: omnibus titulis priuilegiorum B            tamen om. B            uel PT            siue om. B

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57 Innocent III, pope (1198-1216).

58 Philipp of Swabia, claimant to the imperial title (1197-1207). References to this Thronstreit abound throughout the Oliva, but see especially below, 19.2-3.

59 Richard I, king of England (1189-6 April 1199).

60 Serbia was added to the Hungarian royal title in 1202: Codex diplomaticus Hungariae ecclesiasticus ac civilis ed. GEORGII FEJER (Budapest 1829) 2.389, to be replaced by GEORGIUS GYOERFFY ed. Diplomata Hungariae antiquissima: accedunt epistolae et acta ad historiam Hungariae pertinentia (Budapest 1992-, vol. 1 covers 1000-1131). On this title, see CONSTANTIN JIRECEK Geschichte der Serben (Gotha, 1911) 1.289 and GüNTER PRINZING Die Bedeutung Bulgariens und Serbiens in den Jahren 1204-1219 in Zusammenhang mit der Entstehung und Entwicklung der byzantinischen Teilstaaten nach der Einnahme Konstantinopels infolge des 4. Kreuzzuges (Munich 1972) 156. At the very latest, Boncompagno would have surely known about this change by the summer of 1207, when he held a long conversation with a former papal legate to Hungary (1204), Leo Brancaleonis, cardinal priest of Santa Croce in Gerusalemme (1202-1224). Leo was then en route to Germany, where as papal legate he would handle the disputed royal election. On this conversation, see Boncompagnus 1.13.1 §3-§8. On Leo's 1204 legation to Hungary: JAMES ROSS SWEENEY "Innocent III, Hungary and the Bulgarian Coronation: A Study in Medieval Papal Diplomacy" Church History 42 (1973) 320-334 at 323-30, IDEM Papal-Hungarian relations during the pontificate of Innocent III, 1198-1216 (1971 Cornell PhD diss.) and Boncompagnus 3.14.1. Short biographies of Leo in DBI 13 (1971) 814-17 and in MALECZEK Papst und Kardinalskolleg 137-39.

61 Emmerich, king of Hungary (1196-1204), called Henricus in all his diplomas. For the custom of aspirating proper names beginning with vowels, see Boncompagnus 1.2.5. For papal diplomacy with the kings of Hungary, see JOHANNES FRIED Laienfürsten 261-263, 284-287. See also PL 215.340.

62 For the distinction, see BERND SCHNEIDMüLLER, "Herrscher über Land oder Leute? Der kapetische Herrschertitel in der Zeit Philipps II. August und seiner Nachfolger (1180-1270)" in Intitulatio III ed. HERWIG WOLFRAM and ANTON SCHARER MIÖGErg. Bd. 29 (Wien 1988) 131-64.

63 See below, Oliva 52, for a fictive imperial confirmation of an royal election of the duke of Austria.

64 Haymerus Monachus (Aymar Monaco dei Corbizzi), patriarch of Jerusalem (1194-1202). He was archbishop of Caesarea 1182-1197, holding both offices for three years. From 1171-1177 Monachus was magister and chancellor of patriarch Amalrich of Jerusalem. See below, Oliva 10.15, 37.1.

65 Ruggero, abbot of S. Maria di Chiaravalle at Fiastra (1180-1200). See below, Oliva 34.19-25, IP 4.127-129, E. OVIDIO Le carte dell'abbazia di Chiaravalle di Fiastra Fonti per la storia delle Marche 1 (Ancona 1908) and O. GENTILI L'abbazia di S. Maria di Chiaravalle di Fiastra (Rome 1978).

66 S. Barbaziano, Bolognese nunnery, located at the corner of the present-day Via Cesare Battisti and Via Barbiera (FANTI Vie 157). There was also a foundation of this name in Ravenna: REINHOLD SCHUMANN "Decadenza e ascesa di Bologna e le sue chiese prima del 1100" in RENATO BORDONE and JöRG JARNUT L'evoluzione delle cittá italiane nell'XI secolo (Bologna 1988) 175-192 at 185, notes 26-7. For another reference to an abbess 'M.' of S. Barbaziano, see Quinque tabule salutationum 1.21.

67 Other aspects of papal charters to the Templars and Johanniters are also discussed below, Oliva 7.34, 8b.9, 8b.16; hospitals are additionally treated at 7.31-33, 8b.18, 18.15-17, 36.5. For papal diplomatics: RUDOLF HIESTAND Papsturkunden für Templer und Johanniter 2 vol. Abh. Gött., Phil.-hist Kl. 77 and 135 (Göttingen 1972, 1984). A preamble to an imperial charter for the Templars is given below at Oliva 29.1; for the Johanniters at 28.1

68 Wilbertus Erail, master of the Templars (1194-21 December 1200).

69 J. DELAVILLE LE ROULX Cartulaire General de l'Ordre des Hospitaliers de St. Jean de Jerusalem 4 vols. (Paris 1894-1906).

70 Not identified. On chapels and chaplains: below Oliva 8b.16, 10.17, 38.5, 42.5, 59.3, 60.1-5.

71 Parish church in the plebanus of S. Laurentius, Signa. See IP 3.54-56 nos. *1-*3; REPETTI Dizionario 1.363, 413, 416, 2.671.

72 See Oliva 19.8-12, 34.17, 44.5 and UDO WOLTER "Amt und officium im mittelalterlichen Quellen vom 13. bis 15. Jahrhundert" ZRG kan. abt. 105 (1988) 246-280 at 254-6. Guido Faba borrowed Boncompagno's argument in his Doctrina privilegiorum (ROCKINGER ed. 199).

73 Quinque tabule salutationum 1.8. See also Quinque tabule salutationum 4.11-15; Oliva, below 7.29-30, 8b.7, 10.16-18, 10.23-25, 18.2.

74 For the verba desiderativa, see J.B. HOFMANN and ANTON SZANTYR Lateinische Syntax und Stilistik (Munich 1972) 298.

75 See discussion of the missing verbs in salutations, see Quinque tabule salutationum 2.17-19, below Oliva 19.12, 19.16 and Thomas of Capua Ars dictandi 8 (ed. EMMY HELLER, SB Heidelberg, 1929) 19-20. In general, see CAROL DANA LANHAM Salutatio Formulas in Latin Letters to 1200: Syntax, Style, and Theory Münchner Beiträge zur Mediavistik und Renaissance-forschung 22 (Munich 1975).


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© Steven M. Wight, Los Angeles 1998
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