Oliva 52 
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[52. HOW THE EMPEROR CONFIRMS KINGS]

[52.1] When the emperor confirms any persons as kings, the dictator can make the confirmation in this manner: 

[52.2] A., by the grace of God emperor of the Romans and forever august, to the faithful imperial subject H.,330 duke of Austria, greetings and his grace.

[52.3] We understand from your letter that the princes of the kingdom of Danemark have recently elected you king, for which sake you desire that election made by them be confirmed by our majesty.331 

[52.4] We indeed, realizing the constancy of your sincerity, confirm this election by an imperial letter, decreeing that you should possess all Danemark and Greece by royal right, and we firmly enjoin on the archbishops to whom the duty of coronation is known to pertain, that they should not delay from crowning you on the next Pentecost.

[52.5] Furthermore, we send to your strenuousness a golden ring,332 which sparkles with a gem known as the carbuncle, firmly forbidding lest anyone presume to impede your coronation.

[52.6] But if anyone shall presume to contravene imperial statutes, he shall be punished as one guilty of the capitol crime of lese maiestatis (treason) and all things which he has shall be confiscated into the imperial treasury.

[52.7] Dated... 


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330 Henry Jasmirgot, duke of Austria (1156-1177), formerly duke of Bavaria (1142-1156). However, this may be a reference to Henry the Lion, duke of Bavaria (1156-1180) and duke of Saxony (1142-1178).

331 Boncompagnus 4.1.3 §3 is a response to an imperial Wahlanzeige (letter announcing an election) from the Danish king, who also recognizes that the Danish kingdom and crown is subject to the empire: Et licet excellentie vestre augmentum corda gratificet plurimorum, ego tanto ferventius gaudeo et exulto, quanto pre ceteris Romano teneor subesse imperio, a quo specialiter coronam et regnum Dacie recognosco.

332 Liber de obsidione Ancone (ZIMOLO ed. 31.14-15). A ring figures prominently in the Babenburger-Staufer scheme to win a crown for Austria; see Continuatio Garsten. MGH SS 9.597 (cited in PERCY SCHRAMM Herrschaftzeichen 190): In signum recipiendi regni.

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© Steven M. Wight, Los Angeles 1998

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