Oliva 53 
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[53. HOW THE EMPEROR CONFIRMS AN ARCHBISHOP]

[53.1] A., by the grace of God emperor of the Romans and forever august, sends greetings and his grace to the faithful imperial subject empire R.,333 archbishop-elect of Mainz.334 

[53.2] Since the imperial office, which by the Lord's disposal towers over the whole world, should heed requests of all its subjects, he is required to admit the petitions of those who are promoted to the office of leadership the more readily, as the more securely he shall expect eternal rewards for the presentation of a benefice conferred on ecclesiastical men.

[53.3] Hence it is, that we freely admit your petitions, confirming with imperial favor and fortification the election made concerning you. Thus we order, that no one shall presume to molest you with respect to archiepiscopal possessions or to diminish your temporal rights in any way.335 

[53.4] Should anyone presume to attempt this or to contravene our precept to any degree, he shall pay a fine of one thousand marks of pure silver to our treasury and the same amount to you or to whomever you shall choose.


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333 Only one Rheinland prelate of this period, Rainald of Dassel, archbishop-elect of Cologne (1159-1164, never consecrated) had a name beginning with 'R.' This may only be coincidence; at any rate Boncomagno sought here to avoid taking sides in the schism at Mainz (see the following note).

334 For imperial diplomas confirming election of an archbishop, see DF.I.514. Barbarossa confirmed the election of the bishop of Regensburg in DF.I.542.

335 Perhaps a reference to the disputed election at Mainz after the death of archbishop Conrad (27 October 1200 between Lupold von Scheinfeld (Leopold, former bishop of Worms, and Philipp's candidate), and Siegfried II of Eppstein (Domprovost, candidate of Innocent III and of Otto von Braunschweig). The schism at Mainz was of great importance for the disputed imperial election, owing to the constituitive role of the archbishop of Mainz; consequently, both Philipp and Otto confirmed their favored candidate.


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© Steven M. Wight, Los Angeles 1998

Scrineum © Universitą di Pavia 1999